Members of the strigidae family generally have round heads with dish shaped faces which function to funnel sound to the large ears. Their eyes are immobile; however, an extremely flexible neck allows owls to easily locate prey through head movements. They have an upright stance, and zygodactyl toe structure, which allows them to perch on a variety of surfaces. Along with well developed talons, this foot structure is effective in the capture of prey items.
The strigidae family
- have specialized feather structure, resulting in silent flight.
- includes many species that are nocturnal; however, diurnal activity is common in some species.
- includes members that are considered birds of prey; owls are extremely effective hunters of small mammals, birds and insects.
ReferencesElphick, C., Dunning, J., and Sibley, D. 2001. The Sibley Guide to Bird Life & Behavior. Alfred Knopf, New York.
Howard, L. 2007. "Strigidae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. <http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/strigidae.html>. Accessed October 29, 2009.
National Geographic Society. 1983. Field Guide to the Birds of North America. Kingsport Press, New York.
Note: The species listed within this family only represent species for which the Hubbard Collection has specimens. It does not represent all existing species within this family.