The Antilocapridae family contains a single living species: the pronghorn. Fossil evidence of this family is limited to the Neartic ecozone. During the Pleistocene epoch, at least four species of pronghorn lived in central Mexico.
- Pronghorns are herbivorous, consuming both green and shrubby vegetation, depending on seasonality. Pronghorns do not exhibit true horns. Both males and females have keratinized sheaths that cover a bone core on the skull. Diverging from true horns, these sheaths are shed annually and exhibit a “prong” in the males.
- Pronghorns have two toes on each leg, covered by a keratinized hoof.
ReferencesForsyth, A. 1985. Mammals of the Canadian Wild. Camden House Publishing, Camden, Ontario.
Huffman, B. 2009. Family Antilocapridae. Ultimate Ungulate web site. <http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Cetartiodactyla/Antilocapridae.html>
Myers, P. 2000. "Antilocapridae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. <http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/antilocapridae.html>. Accessed October 28, 2009.
Note: The species listed within this family only represent species for which the Hubbard Collection has specimens. It does not represent all existing species within this family.